Tag - mass curvature

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Saturday, January 26, 2019

THEORIES ON PLANETARY FORMATION

For the most part we only have a theory on how planets are formed and even how these planets magnetic fields are generated. even earths plate-tectonics are only a theory, granted though this theory seems a very fitting model to what we see and observe.

However there are problems with some of these theory's for a start at the time of writing we have earths magnetic field at about 11.05 degrees off alignment with earth's physical axial rotation. This also appears to be altering at an increasing rate, we have found nothing that is satisfiable in current day physics to explain how this could be. Current theory dictates that the earth's magnetic field is generated by electrically conductive materials (molten iron core) within the earth which generate the magnetic field via its spin. This theory would be sound enough except for the 11.05 degrees asymmetric problem. If its spin that generates the feild then this should cause a relitive spin within the aearth more fluid matter to be in relitive alinement with the physical axis and spin It should be inline with the physical spin.

Progress is being made though,the basics of current theory assumes that planet formation is simultaneous with formation of its parent star. how this is thought to occur is that the huge gas cloud is disturbed , as a result of this it leads up to a gravitational collapse and eventually increases in spin, this eventually forms a hot dense centre known as a proto ‘parent’ star - leaving behind a thin cooling disc of gas. As the disc gets thinner, particles begin to collapse in and eventually become planets and those planets also end up with moons. it may sound reasonable and good , however we typically only see a final fully formed planet and as a result it is difficult to get a complete picture of the formation process and test these theories.

However this is changing,a team of research scientists were able to obtain the first ever image of an exoplanet in the process of forming. To achieve this the scientists used the Spectro-Polarimetric High-contrast Exoplanet Research (SPHERE) instrument, on the European Southern Observatory’s Very Large Telescope (VLT), which features a coronagraph to block out the stars light, creating an artificial eclipse, and revealing the faint corona and any orbiting planetary bodies. The observations revealed the presence of a new-born gas giant orbiting its parent dwarf star PDS 70 scientists were able to photograph and determine its distance from the parent star to be 1.9 million miles. Further analysis showed that the temperature of this baby planet (~ 1200 Kelvin) is much hotter than fully formed planets which is what to be expected and inline with current theory.

This research has huge implications, as now for the first time, scientists are able to observe and study the different stages of stellar formation. This will hopefully lead to new insights and a better understanding of the key processes involved in planetary and solar system formation.

ARTICLE BY 

JAMES PACKER. 

RESEARCHED SOURCES AND SOURCE LINKS 

Article:

https://www.space.com/41051-newborn-exoplanet-first-confirmed-photo.html

Paper: http://www.eso.org/public/archives/releases/sciencepapers/eso1821/eso1821a.pdf

Paper:http://www.eso.org/public/archives/releases/sciencepapers/eso1821/eso1821b.pdf

SMART CONTACT LENS

Many new materials have been developed for the digital tech industry , as a result we now have flexible surfaces that display graphics. These even have programed responses to change the display according to how the surface is bent. Although we think compared to what is possible some of these are still crude that we have seen for the general public.

We are certain that DARPA (Defense And Research Projects Agency) along with many corporative interest want to make the ultimate smart lens,. That is if they haven't got it all perfected it already, as there are some variants that do exist for sure , these new materials mentioned will make this a reality and one day a common thing. GOOGLE glass caused a bit of a stir and then somewhat died out mainly due to people's concerns with privacy. It is used however in professions more than general public, this hasn't stopped them trying again with other ideas on owning your iris though. The ultimate goal is to have a wearable contact lens that actually over lays visual images and text like a computer screen.

Most of that same tech in google glass is possible to embed into a lens with the right materials, although it needs to be cost effective , infact its likely to have already happened inside programmes from DARPA for some time now. Of course this is a bold claim and we don't pretend to know for sure. however we do have news that the one company that has been the most aggressive about bringing electronics to contact lenses is ' Verily '. , which was actually a sub division of Alphabet who google is also a part of.

(we hope your learning something here this split up in 2014 into many companies under the Alphabet umbrella. Verily Life Sciences is basically the Alphabet independent subsidiary that's developing advanced contact lenses.)

in 2015 we had news that the latest Verily smart contact lens is actually injected into the eyeball, according to a published patent. So it's less of a contact lens and more of a surgical implant. in this technology your natural lens is actually removed from your eyeball. A fluid is then injected into the eye, and that fluid fuses with the eye's lens capsule as it solidifies. Inside this new, artificial lens lives storage, battery, sensors, a radio and other electronics. The artificial lens would take over the job of focusing light onto the retina, improving vision in numerous ways without glasses, but in a flexible, interactive way.

Verily is headed by Andrew Jason Conrad, who is also the inventor of the lens.

Verily is also working with Swiss drug maker Novartis to make and sell smart contact lenses to help people with diabetes track their blood glucose levels. they have also been awarded a patent for a solar-powered contact lens technology. one of the applications for smart contact lenses is the improvement of vision without glasses.

in 2015 we also had news that researchers at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, have invented a smart contact lens that can instantly focus the eye. it was said to be under development as a future product for an Israeli company called Deep Optics. The idea is based on the eye functions of the elephant nose fish. The lens uses electronic circuits and light sensors, which are powered by a solar cell, all built into the contact lens. When the sensors determine that the eye needs to focus, the chips command a small electrical current, this current changes the focal length of the lens in a fraction of a second. when we had this news the final development for a finished product was said to be 5 years away.

The University of Michigan scientists have also worked on building a contact lens that can give soldiers and others the ability to see in the dark using thermal imaging. The technology uses graphene, to pick up the full spectrum of light, including ultraviolet light. The graphene was integrated with silicon microelectromechanical systems (MEMS). As you might expect, there's some U.S. military funding behind the project.

this is an old set of information but we decided to publish it anyway, for 2 reasons, it seems most have little knowledge that is is going on and that we never published it when we had a similar website going a few years ago. But we are back. there is new info on all this as well, prepare to have ya mind blown. we have so many articles to come .

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